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Mosquito Repellent Use Precautions
1. Use just enough repellent to cover
exposed skin and clothing.
2. Do not use repellents under your clothing.
3. Do not apply "Permethrin" to skin.
4. Frequent reapplication and saturation is
unnecessary for effectiveness. Prolonged use
should be avoided.
5. Always keep repellents out of the reach of
6. Children should not be allowed to use
repellents without close adult supervision.
7. Chemicals should not be used on infants.
8. Never use repellents on cuts, wounds,
abrasions, or on sunburned or irritated skin.
9. Do not apply repellents to eyes and
mouth. Do not apply chemicals or sprays to
the hands of young children
because they
frequently put their fingers in their mouths.
10. Avoid breathing spray mist or vapors
in enclosed areas such as homes, cars,
tents, etc.
11. After returning indoors, wash treated
skin with soap and water or bathe. This is
particularly important when repellents are
used repeatedly on a given day or on
consecutive days.
12. Do not reuse empty containers. Dispose
of empty containers properly.
13. Do not incinerate aerosol cans.
14. Replace batteries in personal electronic
protection repellents every 3 - 6 weeks.
Depending on what type of battery you are
15. There is concern electric devices known
as "Zappers" explode bugs and spread germs
aside from killing Friendly insects.
West Nile Mosquito Virus Question & Answers
The CDC -- United States Center for Disease Control
answers your questions about WEST NILE

Q. What is West Nile encephalitis ?
A."Encephalitis" means an inflammation of the brain and
can be caused by viruses and bacteria, including viruses
transmitted by mosquitoes. West Nile encephalitis is
an infection of the brain caused by West Nile virus, a
flavivirus commonly found in Africa, West Asia, and the
Middle East. It is closely related to St. Louis encephalitis
virus found in the United States.
Q. How long has West Nile virus been in the U.S. ?
A. It is not known how long it has been in the U.S., but
CDC scientists believe the virus has probably been in the
eastern U.S. since the early summer of 1999, possibly
Q. How do people get West Nile encephalitis ?
A. By the bite of a mosquito that is infected with West
Nile virus.
Q. What is the basic transmission cycle ?
A. Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on
infected birds, which may circulate the virus in their blood
for a few days. After an incubation period of 10 days to 2
weeks, infected mosquitoes can then transmit West Nile
virus to humans and animals while biting to take blood.
The virus is located in the mosquito's salivary glands.
During blood feeding, the virus is then injected into the
animal or human, where it then multiplies and may cause
Q. Can you get West Nile encephalitis from another
person ?
A. No. West Nile encephalitis is NOT transmitted from
person-to-person. For example, you cannot get West Nile
virus from touching or kissing a person who has the
disease or from a health care worker who has treated
someone with the disease.
The Mosquito War
The MagaZine
>>> Awareness and Prevention
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